The Falling Booth of David

My long-time friend and Hebrew Editor, Rimona Frank, has written yet another awesome article.

In it, she points out that we ourselves are contributing to the action of the continual “falling” of David’s Succah and that its restoration has much to do with us as individuals. The article is so interesting that I asked Rimona if we might reproduce it here. For those who may not know it, Rimona is married to Ephraim Frank, whose soul-stirring auto-biography was published, and is proudly offered by Key of David Publishing (see it here: Return to the Land).

I pray that you will read both Ephraim’s book and Rimona’s article, that you will be blessed, and that together, we might become a people who are actively rebuilding David’s Sukkah.

Shalom b’ Yeshua,

Batya

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The Fallen Booth of David
by Rimona Frank

Shalom Fellow Israelite,

Without much ado, let us plunge into our subject, which has to do with this wonderful season of our celebration. Let us go to Leviticus 23:34-35, where it says: “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to YHVH. On the first day there shall be a holy convocation.” Further in the same chapter, we read the following in verse 43: “… that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am YHVH your Elohim.”

When reading these two scriptures side by side what is the inconsistency that glares at us? Well, in the first reference we are told about the Feast of Tabernacles while in the second, the reason given for celebrating it is to make known the fact that YHVH made the Israelites dwell in “booths” when He brought them/us out of the land of Egypt.

The word Tabernacle is associated with the tabernacle in the desert, just as we read, for example in Exodus 25:8-9: “And let them make Me a sanctuary, that I may dwell among them. According to all that I show you, that is, the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furnishings, just so you shall make it” (emphasis added). In Hebrew that word for “tabernacle” is “Mishkan,” while the booth that we are to dwell in, as did our forefathers in the desert is “Succah” Sometime the “Mishkan” is also identical with the “Tent of Meeting” (Ohel Mo’ed) as is seen, for instance, in: “Thus all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting was finished” (Exodus 39:32). Hence, when we read Revelation 21:3b: “Behold, the tabernacle of Elohim is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. Elohim Himself will be with them and be their Elohim,” the reference is to the “Mishkan of Elohim,” where He will dwell (“yishkon” same root as “mishkan”) with His own. The Greek word for both is derived from “tent” and not a booth or a Succah. The latter has its root in the verb which does not refer to dwelling at all. It means covering or protecting. It can also mean to separate, such as that which divides or distinguishes the outside from the inside. It therefore speaks of a complete, though fragile and temporary, structure with walls or curtains (that which separates the outdoors from the indoors), as well as of the upper covering or roof.

As we saw, the command to dwell in the Succah is associated with remembering Israel’s wilderness homes. In so doing we re-enact that which took place then, much like we do when we participate in the Seder meal on the eve of Passover. Just as by the latter we declare that we too were in Egypt, in our ancestors’ loins, so too in dwelling or sitting in the Succah we proclaim that we are the offspring of that people that was delivered out of Egypt and dwelt in booths (Succahs). Furthermore, we know that our physical constitution is nothing but a temporary house in which we take refuge while living in the desert of this world. And so we read in Psalm 139:13: “For You formed my inward parts; You covered me – tesu’keni, made a Succah out of me – in my mother’s womb.”

But this temporary and fragile dwelling is not only mentioned in relationship to the wilderness journey of our ancestors and our own, literal and proverbial, it is also a very significant symbol of a massive restoration which is in the offing: “For surely I will command, and will sift the house of Israel among all nations, as grain is sifted in a sieve; Yet not the smallest grain shall fall to the ground All the sinners of My people shall die by the sword, who say, ‘The calamity shall not overtake nor confront us.’ On that day I will raise up the Succah\booth of David, which has fallen down, and repair its damages; I will raise up its ruins, and rebuild it as in the days of old; that they [Israel] may possess the remnant of Edom, and all the nations who are called by My name” (Amos 9:9-12). A different version of this last verse (12) is rendered in Acts 14:17 as: “‘So that the rest of mankind may seek YHVH, even all the nations who are called by My name,’ says YHVH who does all these things.” Whereas in Amos it is the house of Israel that is destined to possess (“yirshu”) the remnant of Edom and all the rest of mankind (Adam), in Acts it is the rest of mankind (Adam) and the nations who are called after YHVH who will seek (“yidreshu”) Him.

One reason for the deviation, is the similarity between the words Edom and Adam, “yirshu” (inherit, possess) and “yidreshu” (seek), being, by the way, a good case in point for proving that the text of Acts was originally composed in Hebrew. However, will it not be when the above takes place, that is when restored Israel inherits the remnant of Edom and all the nations which are called by YHVH’s name, that the latter will seek Him? Thus, these two versions portray what could well be a chronology, which is yet to take place. However, the focus of this study is the “Succha”, so let us return to the “fallen Succah of David.”

Once again the translation deviates from the original, which is not rendered “fallen” – past tense – but “falling” – present continuous. Why is David’s Succah in an on-going state of falling? Well, if it is portraying the essence of YHVH’s kingdom on earth it speaks of a booth, fragile by necessity, that houses the kingdom – that is human beings, a group of people, a nation of YHVH’s choice – Israel, the kingdom of kings and priests. It tells us that the kingdom is not just an idea, concept or theory. No, the kingdom can only consist of YHVH’s presence in a people. David’s Succah, therefore, is not in a static state (of “falleness”) waiting for the kingdom to happen. However, as long as this people – us – past, present and future, is not fully manifesting and exercising the kingdom, the structure of this Succah is “falling, falling, falling…” Such will be the case until the time when each part will take up its (his/hers) designated place; a time when there will be “over all the glory a covering – Chuppa such as in a wedding – and there will be a Succah for shade in the daytime from the heat, for a place of refuge, and for a shelter from storm and rain” (Isaiah 4:5b-6). Guess what materials will make up that Succah, after all honor and glory are swallowed up by YHVH’s cloud and flaming fire which He will create over the whole area of Mount Zion? (ref. Isaiah 4:5b).

Is it any wonder then that “the rest of Mankind and all the nations that remain and that are called by His name”… whom we read about above, “will go up from year to year to worship the King, YHVH of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Succot” (Zechariah 14:16)? For “in that day YHVH will be One and His name one” (v 9).

We are commanded in Deuteronomy 16:14: “Rejoice in your feast!” Let us delight in obedience!

Chag Same’ach and Shabbat Shalom,

Rimona

Hebrew Insights into Parashat Ve’zot Habracha
www.israelitereturn.com

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4 Responses to The Falling Booth of David

  1. Batya says:

    Sandra,

    When we are born from above, we become a new creation in Messiah Yeshua. We are no longer under the law of sin and death (sin leads to death). We are instead called to be spirit-led beings who abide by the law of the Spirit. And, the Holy Spirit would never lead us to do anything that opposed the law of the Holy One of Israel.

    His laws essentially govern the flesh of man. Laws make it possible for us to live together in harmony. Lawlessness leads to chaos.

    Messiah Yeshua paid the price for our sins. If we believe in Him and in His sacrifice in our behalf, we are covered by His blood and again, we are new creations. Moreover, we are called to abide by the higher law of the Spirit. In other words, not only are we to seek to control our fleshy actions, we also need to control our thoughts, because they express the intent of the heart, and in the end, it is all about heart intent.

    Batya

  2. Sandra,

    I am responding to your comment on Rimona Frank’s post, “The Fallen Tabernacle of David”. You wrote this regarding your thoughts on Jesus:

    “He is the only One who can make anything eternal including the Law. It is Eternal in Him because He fulfilled it. He didn’t destroy it; He fulfilled it. “It is finished.””

    “It is time that we all understand that He is the Truth from beginning to end. He was the Word God spoke in Genesis 1:3 and the Word of God forever. He and the Father were so connected in love and Truth that they were One–one goal, one purpose, one will, one Word.”

    I once too thought “It is finished”, but then, the Father plainly showed me something that did not fit in with my prior understanding.

    It was after I really considered that God does not change. I noticed Jesus was expanding the law with greater meaning in His teachings. He was putting the heart in, the Spirit.

    Most of us know the story of Israel. When I realized that adultery against God (idolatry) was the national sin of northern Israel after Solomon’s 40 year reign, my understanding grew. It was the sin that ultimately caused our Creator to toss the ten tribes out of the Promised Land just as Adam and Eve were tossed out of Eden. Then I read that Yeshua (aka Jesus) taught:

    “You have heard that it was said by them of old time, You shall not commit adultery: But I say unto you, That whosoever looks on a woman to lust after her has committed adultery with her already in his heart.”

    Here, we see Yeshua’s view. He is teaching on the 7th instruction in Exodus 20:14 which if you think about it… He gave in the first place, after all He is One with God, the Creator right?

    He was speaking about a blatant sin declared as punishable by death. With His teaching, Yeshua expanded the Torah, He explained under His authority that the crime against God’s voice was not just a physical act but a matter of the heart and soul. In doing so, he filled this commandment with greater meaning. His gave it the Spirit.

    Did He “finish it”, do away with it? Of course not! He added the spiritual, the heart’s dimension to the eternal words written in stone. He did this by telling us that adultery is also committed by lusting after a woman. He was teaching the promise of the Spirit of Torah given to Ezekiel. A Messianic promise so important, so critical that it was given not once but twice so that we would not miss it:

    “And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh.” Ezekiel 11:19

    “A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.” Ezekiel 36:26

    We must know, that with Messiah we have the gift of eternal life because He did hang the penalty of death on the cross. The penalty given in the beginning near the tree of life for deliberately opposing God’s teaching and instruction. This is the law and rule of Eden that can be annulled, one that can be finished but only by the One that established it. That is why God gave us the instruction in the Torah of the adulterous wife. It is the teaching that says the woman found guilty of adultery may not marry another man while her first husband he is still alive.

    The imagery of this instruction is amazing and powerful. So that we can be remarried as the bride of Messiah, He had to die by His own word given Moses. This Torah principle is one of the reasons He said:

    “For had you believed Moses, you would have believed me: for he wrote of me.” John 5:46

    Because of that incredible promise we can show our love and worship of Him by choosing to walk in the paths of His righteous completed Word which is the covenant of peace (shalom). Shalom means peace which is also filled with greater meaning by completeness, safety, soundness, health, prosperity, tranquility and friendship!

    This is why we are given these eternal words at the end of the unchanging book:

    Here is the patience of the saints: here [are] they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Yeshua. Revelation 14:12

    Blessed [are] they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. Revelation 22:14

    The Bible tells us Yeshua (Jesus) did not “do away” with adultery as a sin, yes he filled it up, He amplified it with greater meaning and application in our lives and our relationship with Him and others around us. May we be like Him and hearken to His words by living and walking in “the covenant of peace” in His footsteps.

    Walking in His blessing, in the covenant of peace and friendship with God and mankind like Abraham did is ours to choose because:

    “He was wounded far our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities, the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and with his stripes we are healed.”

    Moses was given the great prophecy of this by YHVH and he conveyed the great truth to us: “whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.” Deuteronomy 18:19

    Ezekiel gives us the prophecy we will soon see fulfilled when he writes of the descendant of David our Messiah and our future with Him in the Kingdom:

    “And David my servant [shall be] king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them. And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, [even] they, and their children, and their children’s children for ever: and my servant David [shall be] their prince for ever. Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an everlasting covenant with them: and I will place them, and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore. My tabernacle also shall be with them: yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And the heathen shall know that I the LORD do sanctify Israel, when my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for evermore. Ezekiel 37:24-28

    That is why His disciple John wrote so much on this:

    And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. 1John 2:2-4

    And he that keepeth his commandments dwelleth in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us. 1John 3:24

    By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his commandments. For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous. 1John 5:2-3

    And this is love, that we walk after his commandments. This is the commandment, That, as ye have heard from the beginning, ye should walk in it. 2John 1:6

    The only issue is that in the end, the same dragon that deceived Adam and Eve will also oppose us as we walk the walk and talk the talk. But He gives us the armor to wear Here’s the witness:

    And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Messiah Yeshua. Revelation 12:17

    And Paul teaches us in Ephesians 6 that God gives us the armor to wear to protect our heart: “Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.” Please read Ephesians 6. The armor of righteousness that protects our heart is the Torah. The conclusion is, our savoir declared that not one jot or tittle of the law would fall or change so long as heaven and earth remains to exist. See Luke 16:17 & Matthew 5:18.

    Scripture teaches us that those who have received Yeshua and His salvation into their lives are redeemed from the high penalty, the death penalty written in Genesis and hung on the cross (Colossians 2:14), yet we must also know that our Savior instructed the disciples and us to follow Torah as a walk of life. Being “under the Law” then, is the situation of those that reject Him and His instruction.

    Being no longer “under the Law” of the death penalty is His “Jubilee” as He releases that debt.

    Because of that, we “get to” obey His commandments and live in holiness. That is how we are to draw near to Him, how we are to show him we love Him. It is much the same as children show their Father they love and respect Him, by following His teaching and instruction that is there to protect us and guide us as a loving parent. may we not confuse tradition with His teaching, it is why he taught the Pharisees:

    “Then Pharisees and scribes came to Yeshua from Jerusalem, saying, “Why do your disciples disobey the tradition of the elders? For they don’t wash their hands when they eat bread.” “He answered them, “Why do you also disobey the commandment of God because of your tradition?” Matthew 15:1-3

    Now we know, if we just think about the act of adultery with another, we transgress the royal law of God which was given complete spiritual meaning, the heart of Messiah. If we consider this to the depth and core of its meaning, we must ask: is it not deceptive to assume of the Torah (teaching) of God “It is finished”? If so, then wouldn’t the actual act of adultery now be OK? After all, its hung on the cross… We must wake up and know that thinking is one reason we have so much divorce today as we fall away.

    Adultery is a grievous sin against God (idolatry) and mankind (lust). They are very much the same and the spiritual application is filled up with greater meaning when it includes what is in one’s heart.

    “Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.” Romans 3:31

    One of the signs that society is in a state of falling away, of decay and destruction is based on the subtle, yet deceptive thinking that God’s principles, His Kingdom constitution of life with Him no longer matters. This is the falling away we are warned so gravely about. This is why Yeshua warned us after His expansion of the sin of adultery… was He just kidding around? He said:

    “And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell. And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.” Matthew 5:29-30

    No sane person wants to mutilate their body do they? So we need to listen to His word, His Torah, His teaching and instruction with our heart. THE TRUTH IS, the thing hung on the cross – is the penalty for sin for those that repent, return to Him and turn away from our grievous sin.

    Deliberate sin against God is still punishable by death, like all willful perverse sin against God or mankind. But our Savior provides us His awesome gift of grace and mercy. He protects us with His instruction. A gift, so precious that cost Him His life. He offers to give us a release from the death penalty and take it away so that we may too live with Him in victory over death, in resurrection to eternal life with Him.

  3. Sandra King says:

    Jesus became the Tabernacle in the wilderness. Everything about the tabernacle in the wilderness was God painting a picture of His redemption plan through His Son Jesus. He is the gate through which all must enter to come into God’s presence. He is the seven-branched lamp as the Light of the world. He is the table of showbread and the bread as the Divine Bread of God and through whom we fellowship (table). He is the Golden Altar of incense as our Divine Intercessor before the Father and He is the Ark of the Covenant as the very presence of God on earth. He is the mercy seat and hidden in Christ is the two tablets of Law because He became the Law by obeying it perfectly for us. He is also the Golden Pot of Manna hidden within the Ark as the Divine Bread of Heaven. He is also Aaron’s Rod that budded as the Resurrection and the Life.

    David’s tabernacle only had the Ark of the Covenant (God’s presence) in it. It was entered with thanksgiving and praise…..no sacrifice was offered. God’s presence was in David’s tabernacle and Jesus is the “Son of David.” In His earthly body, Jesus was birthed through the line of David to fulfill scripture. When we are “in Christ” who is the tabernacle of God who was with man, we have obeyed the Law too because He did. We are “in Him.” The Law lives on forever in Him. Nothing can come spiritually alive except in Christ because He is Eternal. All of mankind was made of the dust of the earth mixed with water. Jesus is the only One who came from heaven and remained sinless. Therefore, He is the only One who can make anything eternal including the Law. It is Eternal in Him because He fulfilled it. He didn’t destroy it; He fulfilled it. “It is finished.” Now we have the reality–Jesus Christ. We aren’t to glorify the shadow but are to glorify Christ. So the Older Testament should be taught showing Christ in all of it and its fulfillment in Him. He alone is worthy of all glory, honor and praise, not a nation or the Law or the “shadows” of the Older Testament. He took on the weight of the sin of the whole world back to Adam when He was sinless. He suffered more than any human has suffered to set us free from the bondage of Satan which God used the bondage of the Israelites and Pharoah to paint a picture of. I’m not sure that humans understand His glory, majesty and power and His worthiness to receive all honor, glory and praise. People keep putting him into their little boxes.

    God used all of scripture to reveal His Son Jesus. He is hidden throughout the Older scriptures. Isaac was the Promised Son who was offered by the Father on the altar as a burnt offering for atonement. Noah was the Righteous One who built the Ark according to God’s Word that saved his family from God’s wrath for sin. Adam was the first Man who was both holy and human (no sin). David was the Shepherd in His Father’s field who became a Conquering King with a Kingdom. Joseph was the Suffering Servant who was eventually exalted to the right hand of the throne. Solomon was the King of wisdom and peace. And so on and so on…….. All Truth leads to Jesus because He is Truth! “grace and truth came through the Son.” If He is Truth, then all truth is about Him! God only has one Truth. The Older and New Testament has to agree on that Truth or they couldn’t walk together side by side. (see Amos)

    Sadly the devil has managed to get God’s people confused about Truth. Hence all these different denominations and even messianic congregations. God is no respecter of persons and wants all to come to the Truth (Jesus). It is time that we all understand that He is the Truth from beginning to end. He was the Word God spoke in Genesis 1:3 and the Word of God forever. He and the Father were so connected in love and Truth that they were One–one goal, one purpose, one will, one Word. His Body needs to come to this also. I pray with all of my heart that we will lay down “our truth” and pick up His. Blessings and love in the precious Name of Jesus to whom I want to give due honor, glory and praise.

  4. Sherri Rogers says:

    There is so much in this! I will need to take some time to digest it all. I was particularly struck by the possessing (“yirshu”) and the seeking (“yidreshu”). YHVH has been impressing on me “ask, seek, knock.” He opened up to me a floor plan of the tabernacle – inner court, holy place, holy of holies. He said the inner court is where the asking takes place, where most stay in their relationship with Him, a place where it is more about what He can or will do for me. The seeking, holy place, is about going after something. Like in Archeology, where you spend hours, days, or months scraping and digging in the dirt to find the treasure. It is about endurance and wanting what you are after (the Presence in the holy of holies) more than comfort or having it my way. It is more involved and much deeper than just asking. I hear scriptures like it is the glory of Yah to conceal a matter and the glory of kings to search it out and when you seek with your whole heart, etc. You must get dirty and persevere in this place. It is hard and it is disappointing and it is for those who require more and must move beyond the asking place. Then He says -Knock and it shall be opened to you. Here you knock and must wait for the door to be opened from the other side to literally be in the presence of YHVH, the holy of holies. Is this connected? Is the seeking the Kingdom manifestation or just a bridge? Does the possessing come before the seeking or vice versa or can they even be separated?

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